Vaassen, 19 June 2020 – The summer is coming. With this, it is important to prevent issues in the transport of day-old chicks. We give you five tips for chick transport in summer.
1. Bring the cooling systems in optimal conditions
First, check the truck installation, and coolant level, and clean the radiator of the generator. The cooling system must have a clean condenser and evaporator.
When the cooling system runs, we ask more power from the diesel generator. When ambient temperatures are high, it is more difficult to cool the diesel generator sufficiently. To avoid overheating and engine failure, the ventilator should work (check possible fan belts) together with a clean radiator will ensure a good airflow.
Too low coolant level reduces the cooling capacity as well. During the trip, you can monitor the engine temperature.
For a good airflow over the evaporator and condensor, they must be clean, as well as the filters used. If the airflow and the amount of cool air to the loading space are reduced, the cooling system works less efficiently. And, there is a larger risk for failures: high pressure and overload problems, which can make the cooling system stop and you lose your cooling function completely.
2. Plan your trip
If you don’t have a cooling system, transport fewer chicks per box (80 i/o 100) and, if it is possible, change transport time to the cooler evening or night hours. Reduced chick numbers per box reduce heat production, although a rise in temperature will still happen and reduce chick quality. If the distance is short enough to move the driving time to cooler hours of the day, this can help as well.
3. Take extra care of the chicks
During storage and loading at the hatchery, monitor the chick behaviour, and check the body temperature.
Chick rooms are not always equipped well enough for high temperatures, large flocks, and or longer waiting times. Day-old chicks are showing quickly different behaviour when the ambient temperature and body temperature are high. They will be panting heavily and have their beaks open. The ideal body temperature of day-old chicks is 39,5 – 40 ˚C. Higher body temperatures will cause quality loss, dehydration, and in extreme cases, mortality.
Have the truck pre-cooled and ventilated, so when loading starts, the system is already tested and serves as a temperature buffer, with a more stable climate.
4. Control the climate
During the trip, climate control is essential for good quality at arrival at the farm. When cooling runs, keep the air valve almost closed. Avoid extra intake of hot air, this will reduce cooling capacity.
5. Unload quickly at the farm
During unloading at the farm, you can keep one back door closed, to avoid overheating of the loading space. Reduce time for any day-old chick between leaving the safe environment of the truck and being released in the poultry house, with feed, water, and comfort. This time should not exceed 15 minutes. In extreme climates conditions, this time should be 5 minutes. Realize that empty crates and trolleys heat up rapidly in the sun. Put them back in the truck quickly or leave them out till all chicks are unloaded, this to prevent day-old chicks to be heated by hot trolleys.
A well-maintained truck is necessary for good chick deliveries. At Heering, we are ready to support you by phone or mail. Do not hesitate to contact us via email@example.com. For 24/7 emergency assistance, we are available by phone on +31 578 579 579.
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